【译林版】五年级英语 句型转换规则归纳

句型转换规则归纳 1. 含有 be 动词(am, is, are)的句子,改为否定句是在 be 动词后面加 not, 原 来句子中的 some 改为 any; 改为一般疑问句的时候, 将 be 动词直接放到句子 的最前面,原来句子中的 some 改为 any,句号改为问号。((如果主语是第 一人称则变成第二人称)) 1)There is a house in the forest. (肯定句) There is not a house in the forest. (否定句) is not=isn’t Is there a house in the forest? (一般疑问句) 2)There are some classrooms in the school. (肯定句) There are not any classrooms in the school. (否定句) are not=aren’t Are there any classrooms in the school? (一般疑问句) 3) I am a new student. (肯定句) I am not a new student. (否定句) am not 没有缩写形式 Are you a new student? (一般疑问句) (主语是第一人称 I 时,改为一般疑问句时主语要变为第二人称 you) 2. 含有情态动词如:can, may ,must, would,should ,could, will 的句子,改否 定句时直接在情态动词后面加 not, 原来句子中的 some 改为 any; 改为一般疑 问句的时候,将情态动词直接放到句子的最前面,原来句子中的 some 改为 a ny,句号改为问号。((如果主语是第一人称则变成第二人称)) 1) I can play basketball. (肯定句) I can not play basketball. (否定句) can not = can’t Can you play basketball? (一般疑问句) 3. 不含有 be 动词,也没有情态动词的句子,改为否定句的时候需要借助助动 词 don’t 和 doesn’t 来否定, 原来句子中的 some 改为 any; 改为一般疑问句的 时候需要借助 Do, Does 来提问,原来句子中的 some 改为 any,句号改问号。 (如果主语是第一人称则变成第二人称) 1) 主语是第三人称如 He, She, It 或者单数人名做主语的时候,需要借助 do esn’t 否定,Does 来提问,原来句子中的 some 改为 any,在助动词后面需要 用动词原形。 He has an animal friend. (肯定句) He doesn’t have an animal friend. (否定句) Does he have an animal friend? (一般疑问句) Tom wants some cakes for lunch. (肯定句) Tom doesn’t want any cakes for lunch. (否定句) Does Tom want any cakes for lunch? (一般疑问句) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 2) 除第三人称外的其他主语(I, You, We, You, They),需要借助 don’t 否定,Do 提问,原来句子中的 some 改为 any,同样助动词后面需要用动词 原形。 I have some animal friends. (肯定句) I don’t have any animal friends. ( 否定句) Do you have any animal friends? (一般疑问句) 句型转换练习 I have some toy cars. (改为否定句) I toy cars. The white cap is on the table. (对画线部分提问) the white cap? We have three lessons this afternoon? (对画线部分提问) do you have? There are some art rooms in your school. (改为一般疑问句并作否定回答) arts rooms in your school? , . There are twenty-four computers in the computer room? (对画线部分提问) in the computer roo m? 6. The library is on the ground floor. (对画线部分提问) the library? 7. There is one dress on the bed. (对画线部分提问) are there on the bed? 8. The table tennis room is on the first floor. (对画线部分提问) the table tennis room? 9. There are some flowers in the park. (改为一般疑问句,并作否定回答) --flowers in the park? --, . 10. There is some water in the bowl. (改为否定句) There water in the bowl. 11. Do you have an animal friend? (用 she 改写,并作肯定回答) she an animal friend? Yes, she . 12. It likes your fingers! (改为否定句) It your fingers! 13. I have some animal friends. (改为否定句) I animal friends

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